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How To Write A Dissertation Conclusion: All Answers And Examples

Your research must be already finished, and the last thing to do is to write a conclusion. Your hard work should have a brilliant and perfectly clean ending, and in this article, we will help you to sum up everything you’ve written to present this part of your dissertation properly. We will answer the most popular questions about how to write a dissertation conclusion. Check out our recommendations and knowledge, and use them to get the best result.

What is the difference between discussion and conclusion?

Discussion and conclusion have a lot in common: both of them usually contain discussing a topic and summing it up. However, in a dissertation, it is required to wrap up everything that has been said in the body of the work. Some students repeat some essential details they’ve discussed, but they are not allowed to write a long essay with new thoughts and facts at the end of the dissertation. A conclusion should be clean and show the author’s skill to explain, wrap up the information, and contain short results of the research. A discussion, in its turn, is not limited by these requirements.

Conclusion structure: Details that should be considered

Now we will share our recommendations on how to create a proper dissertation conclusion structure. This algorithm applies to a lot of assignment types, although here we will focus more on a dissertation end.

Determine the length of the conclusion

This is the first thing you should keep in mind. If you have a particular word count, you will structure your conclusion better. Additionally, you will not waste time and effort trying to reduce the number of words. It is better to determine the needed figure beforehand. Usually, the conclusion of a dissertation takes approximately 5-7% of the word count of your paper, and if you want to write more or less, you should discuss it with a representative of the dissertation council. Please note that a humanities dissertation conclusion may demand more space, while an empirical scientific work may be quite laconic and short.

Face the main question of your paper

Each conclusion should answer the main question the overall dissertation discusses. It means you need to write the results of your long research in such a clean and short way that would show the council your experience and expert view on the issue. You shouldn’t repeat each assumption you’ve made in your dissertation. Instead, you should summarise them all into several paragraphs that your readers would remember. You can begin with a short mentioning of the issue considered, describe the way you conducted the research and the main sources you’ve used to prove your points of view, and then start talking about the assumptions you’ve made when working on your paper. If you need the real dissertation conclusion examples, you can find thousands of them on the web: you should read at least a dozen options that are suitable for your particular paper and get the needed inspiration and wording.

Provide information on what problems you have met during the research

In conclusion, you can give your personal opinion, yet it still should be supported by facts. You can:

  • Describe if your expectations coincide with the results you’ve got;
  • Shortly mention the difficulties you’ve met during working on the issue;
  • Focus on the positive things you’ve revealed and on your achievements. You shouldn’t pay a lot of attention to the problematic issues: your conclusion will likely be remembered by the readers, so you should leave a positive impression.
  • Illustrate the approaches you’ve used to get the results of your work.
  • Show if new questions arose during your research and describe how you managed to answer them (or not.)

Make recommendations

It is important to provide recommendations for the future researchers if you have any. Conclusions of dissertations often contain hints on the potential continuation of the issue discussed, especially if new questions arose during your writing and analysing the topic. Moreover, it will additionally prove that you are an expert who has not only finished the current research but who is completely ready to continue it and contribute to the successful development of the sphere you’ve studied. Even if you are not going to continue your work on the issue, you can leave the recommendations or mention the points the other researchers can pay attention to in your dissertation conclusion.


  • More rigorous research should go forward to identify…
  • The choice of a specific message should be based on the demographics of the group and informed by the qualitative data...
  • This approach should highly aspirate to the young audience…
  • The engineering community should adopt and actively promote the positioning statement (Box N) in this report...

Emphasise your contributions

To assure the reader that you are an expert in the field discussed and that you have the knowledge needed not only to get the appreciation from the dissertation council but also to recommend any actions to the community, you should do the following:

  • Repeat your problem statement and explain how you’ve dealt with explaining it and how your research contributes to solving major issues in the sphere you’ve chosen for the study.
  • Refer back to the literature you’ve used and show that you have addressed a gap in knowledge.
  • Provide proof (if any) that your dissertation has revealed challenges in existing theories or assumptions.

Be brief and try to avoid repetitions. Again, just sum up everything you’ve already done and said.

Conclusion + checklist

We can assume that you don’t need dissertation help if you’ve read this article and come here for the sole purpose to find out how to finish your study. Here we will also finish and provide you with a shortlist that you can use to check if you have done everything needed for your paper to look perfect:

  1. You answered the main question of your research in detail but in a clean way;
  2. You wrapped up all the arguments for your opinion and assumptions;
  3. You covered all your aims, purposes, and results you have got during studying the issue;
  4. You mentioned all the things that prevented you from conducting the research and how you managed to solve the problem.
  5. You provided the recommendations for the community and/or other researchers.
  6. You emphasised your contributions and explained the value of your work.
  7. You didn’t provide any additional information that wasn’t mentioned in the body of the dissertation.

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