A Comprehensive Guide for Creating a PhD Thesis

Embarking on the journey of making a PhD thesis can be both exhilarating and daunting. Therefore, EduBirdie created this guide to give you everything you need to know about how to write a PhD thesistasks.

From knowing the essence of a thesis to crafting a compelling structure and navigating the creative journey, the article will equip you with the essential tools for success.

What Is a Thesis?

A thesis is the pinnacle of academic achievement, embodying years of rigorous learning and research. Additionally, a thesis is a scholarly paper that shows findings or contributes new insights to a particular topic. Thus, it is a testament to a PhD candidate's knowledge, analytical prowess, and capability to engage critically with their chosen subject matter.

In academia, the significance of a thesis cannot be overstated. It serves as a benchmark of scholarly excellence, demonstrating the candidate's mastery of the field and capacity to conduct autonomic analysis. Accordingly, a well-executed thesis advances knowledge within a specific discipline and contributes to the broader scientific group.

How long is a PhD thesis?

The length of a thesis can differ depending on the study and institutional guidelines. However, it typically ranges from 80,000 to 100,000 words, encompassing a broad exploration of the subject, methodology, results, and hints.

Is a thesis the same as a dissertation?

It's essential to distinguish dissertation vs thesis, as the terms are often used interchangeably but carry distinct meanings. While both involve thorough research and analysis, a dissertation structure typically refers to a more focused document addressing one research question or problem. In contrast, a thesis is more expansive in scope and depth, often incorporating original research and contributing novel insights to the field. Hence, instructions on how to write a PhD thesis and “how to write a dissertation” will differ.  

Besides, the form and idea of a thesis can also vary depending on the academic discipline. For example, empirical research, data analysis, and quantitative findings are often emphasized in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields. Whereas, STEM theses may involve experimental methodologies, statistical analysis, and the presentation of scientific discoveries or technological innovations.

On the other hand, humanities theses may incorporate literary analysis, historical research, philosophical inquiries, or theoretical frameworks. They often emphasize qualitative research methods, critical interpretation, and engagement with primary sources or cultural artifacts.

Again, a thesis represents the pinnacle of academic achievement, showcasing a PhD candidate's expertise and original contributions to their field of study. Its significance in academia cannot be overstated, as it serves as a testament to scholarly excellence and advances knowledge within a particular discipline. Whether in STEM or humanities, the thesis writing process demands rigor, critical thinking, and a commitment to pushing the boundaries of knowledge.

Structure of a PhD Thesis

A well-structured PhD thesis is essential for effectively organizing and presenting research findings. In fact, a clear and coherent structure guides readers through your work and helps you maintain focus and coherence throughout the writing process. Below, we outline an essential structure for a PhD thesis and some thesis chapters, along with explanations for each section:


  1. How to write PhD thesis introduction? The introduction sets the stage for your research by providing background information on the topic, articulating its significance, and establishing the research question or problem you aim to address.
  2. Thus, explain your study's objectives and outline the structure of PhD thesis to guide readers through the subsequent sections.
  3. This section should also include a brief overview of the theoretical or conceptual framework that informs your research.

Literature review:

  1. The literature review critically examines existing research and scholarship relevant to your topic.
  2. Here, identify key themes, debates, and gaps in the literature your research seeks to address.
  3. Then, provide a literature synthesis to contextualize your study within the broader scholarly discourse.
  4. This chapter demonstrates your familiarity with existing literature and sets the theoretical foundation for your research proposal.


  1. The methodology section describes your study's research design, methods, and procedures.
  2. So, explain the rationale behind your chosen methodology and justify its appropriateness for addressing your research questions.
  3. Detail the data collection methods, sampling techniques, and data analysis procedures used in your study.
  4. After this, discuss any ethical considerations and limitations associated with your methodology.


  1. The results section presents your research findings clearly and systematically. Here, organize your results logically, using tables, figures, and charts to enhance clarity and visual representation. 
  2. After, provide a descriptive data analysis highlighting key patterns, trends, or relationships observed.
  3. Avoid interpreting or discussing the results in this section, which will be addressed in the subsequent section.


  1. The discussion section interprets the findings with the research questions and objectives outlined in the PhD thesis introduction. So, analyze the implications of your results, discussing their significance and contribution to the field.
  2. Also, compare your findings with existing literature, noting areas of agreement, disagreement, or divergence.
  3. Reflect on the benefits and limitations of your study and suggest avenues for future research.


  1. How to write a thesis conclusion? The conclusion summarizes the key findings of your study and reiterates their significance.
  2. Restate the research questions and objectives, highlighting how they have been addressed in the study.
  3. Reflect on the broader implications of your research and its potential impact on the field.
  4. Offer closing remarks and insights, finishing the contributions of your study and avenues for further inquiry.

Following this approach to the PhD thesis structure, you can effectively organize your paper and communicate your research findings with clarity and coherence. In fact, each section aims to advance your argument and contribute to the scholarly discourse within your field. If you need dissertation help with any section you struggle to complete, feel free to contact us 24/7. 

How to Write a Thesis: Preparing Before Writing

Before writing your PhD thesis, thorough preparation is essential to ensure a smooth and successful journey. Here's a guide on how to prepare effectively:

Research and familiarize yourself with the literature:

  • Begin by conducting a comprehensive literature review to familiarize yourself with existing research and scholarship relevant to your topic.
  • Take notes on key findings, theories, methodologies, and debates in your field.
  • Identify gaps or areas of controversy that your research can address.

Define your research questions and objectives:

  • Clearly articulate the research questions or hypotheses that will guide your study.
  • Ensure your research objectives are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART).
  • Align your research questions with the overall aim of your doctoral thesis and the broader objectives of your field of study.

Develop a research plan and timeline:

  • Create a detailed research plan outlining the steps you need to take to complete your thesis.
  • Break down your research tasks into manageable milestones and set deadlines for each process stage.
  • Allocate sufficient literature review, data collection, analysis, and writing time.

Gather necessary resources and materials:

  • Collect relevant research materials, including academic articles, books, datasets, and primary sources.
  • Organize your research materials systematically to facilitate easy access and reference during the writing process.
  • Consider using reference management software to manage citations and bibliographic information.

Establish a support system:

  • Build a support network of peers, mentors, advisors, and colleagues who can provide guidance, feedback, and encouragement throughout your thesis journey.
  • Schedule regular meetings with your supervisor or advisory committee to discuss progress, address challenges, and receive constructive feedback.

Develop your writing habits and skills:

  • Cultivate effective writing habits by setting aside dedicated time each day or week for writing.
  • Experiment with writing strategies like freewriting, outlining, or mind mapping to find what works best for you.
  • Hone your writing skills by practicing concise, clear, and persuasive communication.

Prepare for challenges and setbacks:

  • Anticipate potential challenges and setbacks during writing, such as writer's block, data analysis difficulties, or unexpected research findings.
  • Develop strategies for overcoming obstacles and staying motivated, such as taking breaks, seeking support, or revisiting your research plan.

Preparing before writing your PhD thesis helps you to create a solid foundation for a successful and fulfilling research journey. Indeed, investing time and effort in the preparation stage will ultimately pay off in the quality and impact of your final thesis. Additionally, you can find PhD thesis example to help yourself with the preparation process or contact EduBirdie thesis writing service for masterly assistance.

Dos and Don'ts of Writing a Thesis

Mastering the art of writing a thesis involves honing your research and writing skills and navigating the myriad challenges of the process.

Here are some essential dos and don'ts to guide you through the journey:


Start early:

  • Beginning your thesis writing process in advance allows sufficient research, drafting, and checking time.
  • An early start will help you to manage your time effectively and protect yourself from unexpected setbacks or revisions.

Detail clear goals:

  • Clearly define your academic objectives and hypotheses at the outset of your thesis project.
  • Having well-defined objectives will keep your research focused and guide your writing process.

Engage with the literature:

  • Dive deep into existing literature in your field to understand the context and background of your research topic.
  • Synthesize key findings, theories, and methodologies from relevant studies to inform your research design and analysis.

Seek feedback:

  • Actively seek feedback from your advisor, peers, or mentors at different stages of the writing process.
  • Incorporating constructive criticism will help you refine your arguments, strengthen your methodology, and improve the overall quality of your thesis.

Revising and editing

  • Revise your thesis notes regularly, focusing on clarity, coherence, and logical flow of ideas.
  • Edit your draft for grammar, punctuation, and formatting errors to ensure consistency and readability.



  • Avoid procrastinating on your thesis writing tasks, as it can lead to last-minute stress and compromised quality of work.
  • Break down your writing process into manageable tasks and adhere to a schedule to stay on track.


  • Only plagiarize or use others' work with proper attribution in your thesis.
  • Ensure you cite sources and credit the authors for their ideas and contributions.

Lose sight of your research question:

  • Stay focused on your research question or problem statement throughout the writing process.
  • Avoid the temptation to deviate into tangential or irrelevant discussions that detract from the central focus of your thesis.

Ignore constructive feedback:

  • Be open to receiving constructive criticism and feedback from your peers, advisors, and mentors.
  • Avoid dismissing feedback or becoming defensive, as it can hinder your growth as a scholar and delay the development of your thesis.

Overwhelm yourself:

  • Avoid overwhelming yourself by tackling too much at once.
  • Break down your thesis writing process into manageable steps and prioritize tasks based on their importance and urgency.

These dos and don'ts will help you navigate the thesis writing process more effectively and produce a high-quality research document that makes a meaningful contribution to your field of study.  If you need assistance, write to our experts. They work 24/7, so send a “do my dissertation” request to get help anytime.

Final Words

Writing a PhD is a tremendous job that requires effort, knowledge, and specific skills from you. Nevertheless, we hope this instruction clarifies many points to make your academic path easier. Now you know how many words PhD thesis should include and how to write it effectively. Following the instructions in this article will help you avoid many mistakes students often make. In addition, you now have a precise sequence of sections that must be contained in the PhD to get a high grade at university.

If you need help at any stage of writing your Ph.D. thesis, contact our professionals to receive superb support and advice on doing the task.

Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

Related Blog Posts

Join our 150K of happy users

  • Get original papers written according to your instructions
  • Save time for what matters most
Place an order