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Religion As the Basis of Egyptians Civilization: Analytical Essay

Civilization talks about the stage of human social development and organization which is considered most advanced (What is Civilization, n.d.) or else the process by which a society or place reaches an advanced stage of social development and organization. Egypt was one of the earliest nation where civilization has been taking place. In here, we are going to mention more about the foundation of the Egyptians civilization based on Religion. That is, economically, politically, and socially including the basis or foundation of art, government, medicine, astronomy, literature, and their relationship with the religion.

Most people confused with Mesopotamia and Egypt’s River Nile but to clear up, Mesopotamia is a Greek word that means between the rivers, specifically, the area between the Tigris River and Euphrates River (Francis,2019) and it is located in what is now called Iraq of Middle East. When you look at the map of Mesopotamia, you will see the land like a new moon (crescent) known as Fertile crescent while River Nile is located in Egypt, and its capital Cairo. Both Nile River and Euphrates and Tigris deposit the very natural and fertile blessed silt soil during the floods, which deposits along the riverbanks for the good and fertility of the crops, sometimes the rivers also had a violent disaster destroying the homes and crops for people along the riverbank. For example, just connect to us here in Papua New Guinea some of our rivers like Waghi River in the valley of Jiwaka province you will notice that when the flood comes it will carry dead leaves and other degradable items that will be decomposed as fertilizers to give the best nutrients as silt soil for the productiveness of crops but on the other hand the rivers does destroys the homes and crops along the riverbanks badly. Back to River Nile, Euphrates and Tigris, are the places or rivers were the core values of the first civilization that has been taking place one time through the religion forces or effects.

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The River Nile has the huge contribution of the early Egyptians civilization for the reason that, it usually invests most out of other resources or capitals for the country’s economy and it is still the longest river in the world in these present day. Agriculturally, the river was very fertile and productive due to the usual flood which naturally produces irrigation system of farming easier every year and brings the rich soil for growing productive, healthy, and organic crops which can be sold for the nation’s revenue. For example, crops such as wheat, grain, lettuce, onions, garlic, sesame, corn, barley, and other cash crops as well as cotton where also supplied or exchanged with the precious natural minerals such as gold, bronze, iron, or metals for the construction of pyramids. Reed was a grass looking plant was also important in the Nile River during their time of economy because they keep them in their farms for writing purpose mostly in religious usage including, laws, records of their crop stocks. For example, they right the month and their seasons when the crops supposed to grow healthy and productively on the clay tablets using the reed as a pencil or pen, that is, to give the good and healthy ones as offering to the gods like pharaoh. And these written records were done by the people who were fully skilled, knowledgeable, and full of great ideas known as scribes who served as an accountant, record keepers or priest who can only read and write through understanding the writing system.

In these ancient times of Egyptians, there were polytheism meaning they believe in more than one god (Polytheism. n.d) People worshiped the healthy and best chosen animals such as crocodiles, cats, bulls, and other animals or else gods because they believed that gods present in these animals or human beings. For example, they believed that toth (a man with human body and bird head) was symbolized as the moon. However, Pharaoh was the king who was highly recognized as the living god or holy man who can communicate between gods and human being. He made laws for the legislation of the nation, the justice of the peace who tries to bring peace whenever the problems want to get worse or against the given law, took all important decisions relating to Egypt when coming in to conversation with other kingdoms, people had to kneel in front of him as a god by sign of respect, he controlled taxes for the nation, he had a huge economic power and people worshiped him, and he led the Egyptian army wherever or whenever the war begins to defend and strengthens the people and the nation. A good example of pharaoh leading the fight was the time of Moses with Aron in the bible story where they bring out the Israelites out of the Egypt and then after their arrival out of the Egypt was the pharaoh’s attack but unfortunately he never succeeded in attack because the living God of Israel flood the Red Sea by killing the Egyptians soldiers. And they also believed that he who controlled the Nile river, make it possible for the enrichment of their crops.

Under him was the upper class people whom they called them Nobles who served as district governors, and these nobles in Egyptian society were related to the pharaoh as, priests, doctors, lawyers, or important military workers. Many of the nobles were bosses of the lands worked by farm workers. Taxes from these lands were paid to the government in the form of crops or cattle. These crops in turn were used to pay skilled workers and laborers for their labor on government projects. Lower class people who served as the servants and slave worked for the government under the nobles. Even though the governors where there, all the authority lies with the pharaoh. As the nobles gained popularity and respect from other leaders, citizens, and people from outside of the country they suddenly override the pharaoh’s rights and responsibilities. And this leads to the economic boom in which they trade with other countries for other goods and materials to build what is now called The Egypt’s Great Pyramid to keep their god’s body wrapped in cloths (mummified).

Since there was a belief that Pharaoh can see life after death, internal structures of the pyramids and the royal burials in the valleys of the Kings and Queens were built with complex work, thus, pathways and many corridors, and servant’s tombs. The shape and number of the inside of the spaces different and features such as designed roofs and shiny ceilings were in a continuous pattern or shape looking very attractive and artistic. The earliest pyramids had an internal pathway to the tombs of the King that ran north or south, but by the construction of the Step Pyramid, all corridors began on the west side and led towards the east, marking the journey of the sun god to face believing that the Some of the corridors led up and down and up again.

One of the earliest advanced civilizations was ancient Egypt as we have known already, had a rich religious tradition which fill every aspect of society. Like some other cultures in the past, the patterns, and behaviors of the sky led to the creation of a number of myths to give the details of the astronomical facts. For the Egyptians, the practice of astronomy went further than legend. Huge temples and pyramids were built with specific astronomical tools or equipment. In fact, the astronomers were the priest, and they built circular mud brick walls with which to make a false horizon where they could mark the position of the sun as it rose at beginning, and then with a string looking rope with weight placing it straight up and down by facing the northern or southern turning points. This allowed them to discover that the sun’s circle, took 365 days to travel from his birthplace at the winter and back to its original position. Meanwhile in other parts of the Egypt a lunar calendar has been developed based on the behavior of the moon and the reappearance of the moon in its behavior of rising after its yearly absence of about 70 days.

Religion were the important effect in these earliest civilizations especially in Egypt and other parts of the world. It has given the answers and explanations for the way of the natural environment by helping its people, help to put down the fear of death religiously, and correct the bad and primitive way of traditional thinking and act of morality to the standard one were the people supposed to be. Law was considered holy, a commandment of the gods. Religion united people in different places with the same needs or wants to exchange whatever they had for survival. Religion also promoted creative achievements in engineering of the great pyramid, literature, and science. In addition, the power of rulers, who were regarded either as gods or as agents of the gods, derived from religion.

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